The 4 Skin Types

Everybody has different skin types. To simplify this, there are technically 4 different skin types: Dry, Oily, Combination, and Normal. Your skin type depends on your genetics. Skin type is determined by the amount of sebum (oil) released on your skin. A good way to determine what skin type you have is by washing your skin with a gentle cleanser and without putting anything on it, wait an hour to see the conditions of your skin. 

In order to make sure you are doing what's best to take care of your skin, it is important to know what your skin type is. 

Dry Skin

  • Lack sebum (lack of oils)
  • Smaller pores
  • Tightness 
  • Rough to the touch
  • Flakiness

With dry skin, your skin underproduces enough sebum to keep your skin moisturized. Severity in dry skin ranges from mild to severe. In general, women are more likely than men to suffer from dry skin. With age, our skin naturally gets drier. If you have dry skin, make sure you use a thick cream or ointment daily and avoid using harsh face wash. 

Oily Skin

  • Heightened sebum production (overproduction of oils)
  • Larger pores
  • Glossy shine
  • Thicker, paler skin
  • Prone to comedones (whiteheads and blackheads)

With oily skin, our sebaceous glands overproduce sebum, the oils that hydrate our skin. Too much sebum can lead to clogged pores and acne. The bright side to oily skin is that the oils keep our skin youthful and minimizes wrinkles! In order to manage your oily skin, make sure you use a good face wash and avoid harsh ingredients that dry out your skin which can cause your skin to produce even more oils.

Combination Skin

  • Oily in t-zone (forehead, nose, chin)
  • Enlarged pores in t-zone
  • Dry to normal cheeks
  • Most common skin type

Combination skin is when you have oily skin in some areas (t-zone) and dry to normal skin in other areas. The areas on the skin and the range of oiliness and dryness can differ from person to person. The key to combination skin is knowing what to use and where to apply. Depending on how oily or dry your skin is, you might need to use different products for different areas of your skin to combat your oily and dry skin. 

Normal Skin

  • Small pores
  • Rosy color in complexion
  • Velvet and smooth texture
  • Well balanced skin 
  • T-zone may get oily, but overall the skin is neither too oily or too dry

Normal skin type is winning the genetic lottery. Your skin naturally has a good balance of moisture, an even skin tone, and fine pores. To maintain your skin, you just have to do a simple skincare routine and to protect your skin from harmful UV rays. 

Knowing which skin type you have is crucial in helping you figure out what to do to maintain your skin. Don't mix up skin type with skin conditions such as sensitive, dehydrated, acne-prone, etc. You can have any of these 4 skin types in addition to any of these skin conditions. For example, you can have dry skin + sensitive or oily skin + sensitive. Remember, when someone asks for your skin type, they are asking how moisturized is your skin naturally. 

All the best,

Sara

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